||On April 10, 1861, Brig. Gen. Beauregard, in command of the provisional Confederate forces at
Charleston, South Carolina, demanded the surrender of the Union garrison of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
Garrison commander Anderson refused. On April 12, Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort, which was
unable to reply effectively. At 2:30 pm, April 13, Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter, evacuating the
garrison on the following day. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American
Civil War. Although there were no casualties during the bombardment, one Union artillerist was killed and three
wounded (one mortally) when a cannon exploded prematurely while firing a salute during the evacuation on April