CSS Governor Moore, a 1215-ton side-wheel "cotton-clad"
ram, was originally the civilian steamship Charles Morgan,
which had been built at New York in 1854. Seized at New Orleans
in January 1862, she was converted to a warship by the State of
Louisiana and attached to the Confederacy's Mississippi River
Defense Fleet. During the night battle off Forts Jackson and St.
Philip, below New Orleans on 24 April 1862, she twice rammed the
Federal gunboat Varuna,
an assault which, with the support of CSS Stonewall
Jackson, sank the Varuna. Governor Moore
then attacked USS Cayuga
but was badly battered by gunfire from the Federal fleet. She
lost a large number of her crew and went ashore, where she
was burned to avoid capture.
This page features our only views of CSS Governor Moore.
Photo #: NH 57818
CSS Governor Moore (1862)
Sepia wash drawing by R.G. Skerrett, 1904, depicting the ship
during her brief service as a Confederate cotton-clad gunboat
on the lower Mississippi River.
Courtesy of the Navy Art Collection, Washington, DC.
Photo #: NH 59077
"Engagement between the U.S. Gunboat 'Varuna' and the Confederate
Ram 'Breckinridge' and Gunboat 'Governor Moore'."
Line engraving published in "The Soldier in Our Civil War",
Volume I. It depicts USS Varuna in the center, being rammed
by a Confederate ship identified as "Breckinridge"
(at left) while engaging CSS Governor Moore (at right)
during the battle off Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April
The side-wheel steamer identified here as "Breckinridge"
(General Breckinridge), is more probably the Stonewall
Photo #: NH 59076
"Fight between the 'Varuna' and the 'Governor Moore'."
Line engraving published in "Harper's Weekly", 1862,
depicting USS Varuna sinking at right, after she was rammed
by CSS Governor Moore during the battle off Forts Jackson
and St. Philip, 24 April 1862.
The Governor Moore is shown at left, beached and burning
after being severely damaged by the Union fleet.