Today in History:

81 Series I Volume XVI-I Serial 22 - Morgan's First Kentucky Raid, Perryville Campaign Part I


Question. I want to know whether it was necessary for the army, in prosecuting its march, to pass through one point or could it move from the beginning upon different routes?

I never had an opportunity to examine the maps which had the routes marked on them. I understood that a portion of your army had marched off in the direction of Glasgow-to the right in that direction.

Question. I understood you to say after leaving Bowling Green a portion of the army had diverged from the main road?

I understood so.

Question. Upon how many roads?

They all started upon one route; the road to the right, which a portion took, lay in the direction of Glasgow. They united again at Cave City. It was said that the enemy was in Glasgow, but I did not hear anything as to the exact force which Bragg had there.

Question. You stated that you were disappointed that instead of pursuing Bragg's army on the road; they turned out in the opposite direction toward Elizabethtown; what was the immediate advantage you expected to gain by following that army on its march toward Bardstown?

I supposed we had forces enough to achieve a victory over them wherever they might be found; and as they made toward the Ohio River, I thought we could catch them in the same direction.

Question. Was that impression based upon the knowledge you had of Bragg's forces?

My impression was founded on the belief of the fact that ours was a superior force, better equipped, &c., and upon my general information which I received from the specimens of rebel soldiers I had seen. There were some taken upon the road by skirmishing; they were mounted soldiers.

Question. Do mounted men constitute the bulk of the rebel army?

Not exactly.

Question. What knowledge had you of the circumstances of the rebel army, respecting their efficiency, as compared with ours?

I had no opportunity but such as was common to everybody. It is the general impression that the troops of the rebels are inferior to ours. I think the general impression, as far as I had been able to ascertain from those who had the means to obtain information, is that they are better disciplined than ours, but not as well armed and equipped. That is the impression to my mind.

Question. Did you know of the existence or presence of any other rebel forces besides the army of Bragg in Kentucky?

I had no information except the representations that were made in regard to Kirby Smith's force.

Question. What force was General Smith supposed to have?

I do not know. My supposition was that Kirby Smith had 20,000 men.

Question. Did you know the position of Kirby Smith's forces at the time our army was following General Bragg's?

I noticed perhaps in a paper which we picked up on the road, which stated that the pickets did come within a few miles of Cincinnati, and this was perhaps in fact the cause of the impatience which seemed to prevail to engage Bragg and push on to the Ohio. I understood that General Dumont was off in that direction in Kentucky between the points of General Smith's and Bragg's forces, but that was only rumor again.

Question. You stated that General Dumont's force was interposed